URBIO - Online Survey: Research Agenda for Urban Biodiversity, Ecosystem Services & Design
Comments closed on March 3rd, 2014. Thank you for your participation!

Part 2: Comment on Research Agenda

Please make further comments, e.g. reasons for your choices or why you proposed new research priorities. You are also invited to comment on ways in which these research priorities, if and when they are funded, are communicated to managers and other officials in local government.

Thank you very much for your participation!

Norbert Müller on behalf of the URBIO network & Andre Mader on behalf of SCBD and ICLEI

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Comments  

#14 Martin Kümmerling 2014-03-03 11:50
Comments closed on March 3rd, 2014.
 
#13 Andy Millard 2014-02-28 12:38
I agree with Natalie's main question. However, the cultural, political and economic contexts within which this has to happen vary considerably around the world. Therefore, comparative studies between such contexts are going to be particularly valuable in determining which approaches are most successful in getting politicians, planners and the wider public to embrace biodiversity as a key element of all urban planning, design and management. 

Quoting Natalie Windsor:
I forgot to add a question, so I will note it here.

The main question on my mind is as follows.

It would appear that among professionals in conservation in the UK, knowledge of the benefits of biodiversity, ecosystem services, and natural climate protection are well-established.

The question, therefore, is, how can we best communicate knowledge to those who are unaware? How can we persuade, educate, explain, ensure that biodiversity policy and all mentioned above are at the forefront of everyone's mind? So that all businesses eventually cater for nature in cities, where needed.

I expect this is a process which is already happening though.
 
#12 Professor Dr Mohamme 2014-02-27 14:13
Urbanization should consider sufficient space for agriculture and biodiversity around every house. The covered area and Greenery ration should be 20:80 and ensure permaculture: Grow your own foods and use the land for greenery and recycling of quick degradable stuffs and grey water.
 
#11 Professor Dr Mohamme 2014-02-27 13:58
Why landscape has been neglected by the World donor organizations?
 
#10 Professor Dr Mohamme 2014-02-27 13:56
Why donors encourage the slums in the city?
 
#9 Professor Dr Mohamme 2014-02-27 13:54
"What is the contribution of landscape with climate and biodiversity?"
"What is the real definition of food security?"
"What is the difference between a pigeon and a broiler chicken" Could you answer with the logic of energy utilization?
 
#8 Professor Dr Mohamme 2014-02-27 13:49
Urbanization has created a great influence on landscape management. Each building can be considered as a small hill and in the monsoon densely populated countries like Bangladesh everyday thousands of tons of raw materials like the bricks, sand and soils are being accumulated in the cities and destroying the fertility status of the surrounding hinterlands but the most fertile thing the green garbage is being dumping for the landfills. Moreover cement concrete structures are destroying soil and the concrete waste disposal is a great headache. Moreover, human waste remains years together in the pits or septic tanks years together which needs recycling. Therefore green city concept should emphasize on not to destroy the habitat of a particular area/location by cement concrete and drainage system. There is a worse example of the Vanishing Sal Forests by the Dhaka Megacity. We should immediately look into the matter
 
#7 Marion Mehring 2014-02-27 09:20
I would like to add to the question "What are the drivers of biodiversity pattern and processes":
What are the social (including institutional, cultural, political and ecnomic) and ecological drivers of biodiversity pattern and processes?
 
#6 Mark Hostetler 2014-02-25 13:32
Again - I would comment that we need to divide the research into two priorities: 1) The science of defining the problem better and measuring impacts on ecosystem services/natural resources, and 2) The science of implementation
 
#5 Natalie Windsor 2014-02-25 00:26
I forgot to add a question, so I will note it here.

The main question on my mind is as follows.

It would appear that among professionals in conservation in the UK, knowledge of the benefits of biodiversity, ecosystem services, and natural climate protection are well-established.

The question, therefore, is, how can we best communicate knowledge to those who are unaware? How can we persuade, educate, explain, ensure that biodiversity policy and all mentioned above are at the forefront of everyone's mind? So that all businesses eventually cater for nature in cities, where needed.

I expect this is a process which is already happening though.
 
#4 Manfred Koehler 2014-02-19 08:28
I totally agree with Dusty Gedge. Sure it is important to development urban ground level habitats as "urban environmental connectors" for nature and citizens. But the real ressource to do more and additional greenery is on buildings. Around 1/3 of a City are buildings. Around the half of this can be used for vegetation. If this is done correct, there is an opportunity for urban man made nature. Green infrastructure is in my opinion the right word. We have to select the write plants that can help the citizens as better habitats and also to be good for the urban nature with many ecological functions. There are many good examples now around the globe - it is not too difficult to start with greenery on the roof level.Quoting Dusty Gedge:
How can the built environment be made more resilient to climate change and provide a biodiversity resource within the urban realm?

The current questions that we have been asked to vote on do not mention buildings. This may be implicit in the questions but I think Urbio needs to make green infrastructure and ecosystem services more connected to the built environment. Many ecologists see biodiversity in terms of ground level green space - nature reserves, parks etc. As there will be a growing interest in Urban Planning and Adaptation strategies in cities across the world in terms of green roofs and green walls we need to understand and work with this area.
#3 Mark Hostetler 2014-01-29 17:07
There is a lot of overlap among questions. Some are broad that cover specific points. I would divide all the questions into two categories - 1) questions that address how to monitor (and provide solutions)to the decline of urban flora and fauna 2) questions that address socioeconomic ways to increase the adoption of recommended conservation design and management practices. Thoughts?
 
#2 Sonja Knapp 2013-12-03 14:07
How can ecosystems in a given city mitigate the vulnerability of cities in time of climate change or after natural hazards? - linked to “What are the ecosystem services offered by a particular landscape?” because ecosystem services (ESS) are an important basis for the mitigation of vulnerability, so the question wraps the question on ESS. Both climate change and natural hazards are supposed to become more relevant globally and if ecosystems can contribute to saving people’s life this will be one of the most important services they can provide

What are the drivers of biodiversity pattern and process? -This is a very basic question – the basis for questions like “How can we alter the structure, composition and dynamics of cities to maintain viable populations of plants and animals?” or “What ecological generalities can we make about the ability of organisms and communities to persist in cities?”, the basis for creating urban ecosystems beneficial for biodiversity and biodiversity-related ecosystem services. So this question needs to be tackled first to answer all related questions.

Who are the stakeholders, organizations and institutions relevant to biodiversity management? -Research should proceed with linking ecological, economic and social systems. Socioeconomy includes highly relevant drivers of biodiversity & ecosystem service loss but the disciplines have not gone far enough, yet together identifying socioeconomic drivers of biodiversity and ecosystem services.

What are the ecosystem services offered by a particular landscape? -By now, links between specific landscapes and ecosystem services have mainly been made for agricultural landscapes. Research on urban ecosystem services often takes a broad view that does not distinguish single landscape or habitat types. However, landscape and habitat types are the basic entities that can be designed and managed in order to maintain biodiversity & ecosystem services.
 
#1 Dusty Gedge 2013-12-03 13:45
How can the built environment be made more resilient to climate change and provide a biodiversity resource within the urban realm?

The current questions that we have been asked to vote on do not mention buildings. This may be implicit in the questions but I think Urbio needs to make green infrastructure and ecosystem services more connected to the built environment. Many ecologists see biodiversity in terms of ground level green space - nature reserves, parks etc. As there will be a growing interest in Urban Planning and Adaptation strategies in cities across the world in terms of green roofs and green walls we need to understand and work with this area.